Eczema Treatment

Eczema Treatment

Eczema medical treatments

The eczema treatment choice that would be most appropriate depends on several factors. These include the patient’s medical history, age and other symptoms. Some may need to use several treatments to get the best results. So basically the treatment is given according to the symptoms. The treatments help with;

  • Controlling itching
  • Reducing skin inflammation
  • Eliminate infection.
  • Relieving and removing scaly lesions.
  • Preventing the formation of new pests.

Moisturizing lotions

The use of emollient lotions helps to moisturize the skin and keep the skin soft. These products act as a protective barrier and prevents water loss from the outer layers of the skin. Therefore, preserving the moisture of the skin. Lotion is also able to prevent dehydration and reduce the irritation of eczema.

Moisturizing lotions are one of the most important treatments used for cases of dry skin caused by eczema. These preparations are available in several pharmaceutical forms. These include

  • Dry skin ointments
  • Light face and hand moisturizing products
  • Bath soap replaced with a moisturizing lotion.

Topical treatments

Topical treatments are drugs that are applied to the skin to reduce inflammation and relieve symptoms, and about the most common types of topical eczema treatments that are prescribed to the patient include:

  • Calcineurin inhibitors
  • Phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE4 inhibitors)
  • Steroids  

Topical steroids

Topical steroids are used to treat various skin diseases, including eczema. This is because they reduce skin infections. Topical steroids are available in numerous pharmaceutical forms. The most important ones are ointments and creams. The doctor may prescribe topical immunomodulation drugs, also called calcineurin inhibitors.

Pimecrolimus cream

This can be used for the treatment of eczema in some patients if the steroid cream cannot be used. This is because these drugs reduce inflammation, relieve symptoms and control eczema. This cream can be used for sensitive areas like the face and groin area. It is also safe to use it on children above 2 years old.

Oral steroids

The doctor may prescribe oral steroids. Such as prednisone for a short period of time in certain cases; specifically, severe eczema attacks. Avoid taking it on its own and without consulting a doctor, or stopping it suddenly, as this may harm the person beyond the benefits that may result from that.

Photodynamic therapy

This involves photodynamic therapy that exposes the persons skin type by using lamps that show radiation. These are able to help treat skin disorders.

Light therapy method

This is a very effective way to control eczema. However, its known that its very expensive and used by people who suffer from severe eczema.

Light therapy also has some side effects in case the phototherapy duration is long. These include;

  • Premature skin aging
  • High risk of skin cancer,

Biological treatments

Dupixent is given to you by using injections to treat moderate to severe eczema. The active substance on this drug is antibodies that inhibit the inflammatory response that develops eczema.

Immunosuppressive drugs

These are oral medications that prevent the immune system from sending an inflammatory response to the skin. Therefore, helping to reduce rashes and itching.  


Eczema may cause cracking of the skin and sores making the patient vulnerable. The infection is normally mild but requires antibiotics to treat it. Below are some used antibiotics ;

  • Topical antibiotics
  • Oral antibiotics


The body releases histamine in the blood when its exposed to certain irritations. This may then lead to the emergence of many symptoms e.g. Itching, sneezing, drowsiness etc.

Coal tar

Coal tar is one of the things that can reduce itching that is caused by eczema. Its applied to the affected areas of the skin but can stain clothing so be careful.

Tips to reduce eczema

The goal is to maintain a moisturized skin and avoid exposure to irritants. Below is a set of tips for eczema patient

Self-care measures at home

Eczema patients suffer from not enough essential oils in the skin, meaning a decrease in the ability to retain water. This then results in having a dry skin and sensitivity to irritants. Daily skin care practices for dry skin, include cleaning and moisturizing it. This ensures the success of the treatment, taking into account the following tips and guidelines:

  • Avoid using regular soap and use a mild liquid cleanser or a gentle soap.
  • Bath in warm water and not hot while using a low PH soap.
  • Use soap-free products like as Sorbolene cream.
  • Dry the skin carefully by patting instead of rubbing.
  • Apply moisturizing creams immediately after showering.

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